Best vitamins and minerals for hair and where to find them
If you want your hair to grow long, strong, healthy and beautiful, it must be provided with a whole set of essential substances positively affecting its condition and repairing micro damages in the deeper structures. Apart from the iconic keratin (being the key structural material making up hair), it also needs proper vitamins. They are the ones responsible for hair resilience, for inhibiting thinning and reinforcement. That’s not all, they are able to nourish the strands from the roots and delay aging processes. So what vitamins are best for the hair?
- Vitamin B complex – one of the most important vitamins for hair. They are responsible for their proper growth and it is the deficiency of the B group vitamins that contribute to increased hair loss, and often even alopecia areata. Vitamins B also maintain an adequate level of melanin and prevent premature graying of the strands. One of the most important is vitamin B5 – also known as pantothenic acid – it builds the hair shaft and strengthens it preventing any further damage. Equally important in hair care is vitamin B7, which is simply biotin – it is responsible for the accumulation of sulfur particles in the hair matrix. Sulfur is an important building block of the hair because it creates sulfide bonds that keep the hair in perfect shape.
- Vitamin A – vitamin A is extremely important for the whole organism because it is responsible for cell renewal and improves the cycle of their regeneration. It also contributes to proper hair growth and accelerates the regeneration of hair follicles. At the same time, it protects the strands against destruction due to adverse weather conditions.
- Vitamin E – a very strong antioxidant, which is valuable not only for the hair but also for our entire body. It combats free radicals, slows down skin aging processes and transports a number of necessary ingredients, responsible for youth and good condition of hair and skin into the cells. Its deficiency causes keratosis and premature aging of the skin as well as hair loss. Vitamin E deficiency also causes hair to grow more slowly.
- Vitamin C – perfectly cares for the elasticity of hair and is the second – after vitamin E – such a powerful antioxidant that sweeps free radicals away and keeps hair and skin in excellent condition. It strengthens the hair, prevents hair loss, accelerates growth and delays graying. What is more, its deficiency limits the absorption of iron and this element is equally valuable for hair.
- Iron – iron is extremely important in hair care because it provides the right amount of oxygen (it is responsible for the so-called cellular respiration). Oxygen is extremely necessary for the proper cell functioning and is responsible for the correct cycle of hair growth. Also, iron keeps the hair follicles in good condition.
- Zinc – zinc is an essential element for hair, especially for proper protein synthesis, and the main building block of the hair is keratin (a protein that forms scales on the surface of the hair and has a direct impact on its condition and appearance). Zinc positively affects the thickness and proper hair growth.
- Iodine – is responsible for the elasticity of hair. In addition, its deficiency can lead to problems with the thyroid gland, and its improper functioning influences the deterioration of the condition of the hair. Iodine deficiency causes the hair to become dull, break, crumble and split.
- Copper – it is responsible for the proper structure of the hair and prevents premature graying. Copper also has a direct effect on the thickness and strength of the hair. Without it, the strands become less resilient, are uneasy to style and it gets hard to tame it.
- Sulfur – its deficiency is manifested by increased seborrhea and oily hair. Sulfur forms sulfide bonds in the deeper layers of the hair and is responsible for its strengthening and durability. It also participates in the synthesis of keratin, ie the aforementioned main building blocks of hair.
- Selenium – is an essential element because it prevents hair loss; it is good to take larger doses of selenium during periods of change of seasons, especially during spring seasonal hair loss, because this element prevents thinning and weakness of hair.
- Silicon – is an element that is the basic building block of hair and skin; it maintains good elasticity of the epidermis, ensures resilience of the strands and prevents it from falling out. Silicon also protects the hair against mechanical damage and against adverse weather conditions.